The Aim of This Project is to Verify Whether a Depletion of B Cell Memory Subpopulation ("Marginal-zone-like") CD19 + IgD + CD27 + and CD19 + IgM + CD27 + is a Useful Indicator of Hyposplenism in Patients With Celiac Disease
This project is expected to confirm the hypothesis that hyposplenism in patients with celiac disease is not conditioned by a selective memory deficiency of B lymphocytes. Other objectives of project are: - determination of gliadin 33-mer in faecal and urine as indicators patient´s adherence to gluten-free diet - determination of citrulline in plasma as an indicator of the overall functional capacity enterocytes
The Effect of Gluten in Patients With Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Healthy Volunteers
Patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) often link their symptoms to foods. Interest in dietary management recently increased, including the use of a gluten-free diet. To investigate relation of gluten-free diet (GFD) and IBS, a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled cross-over trial will be carried out in adults (>18) and patients with IBS according to Rome IV criteria. The aim is to assess gluten-free versus gluten-containing diet in IBS patients and Healthy Volunteers.
The Effect of Probiotic Supplementation on the Mental Status, Inflammation, and Intestinal Barrier in Major Depressive Disorder Patients Using Gluten-free or Gluten-containing Diet
More and more evidence confirms the relationship between the gut-brain-microbiota axis and the symptoms of mood disorders. A potential pathway connecting the intestines and the brain in depression is inflammation. Interventions for reducing inflammation and restoring the integrity of the intestinal mucosa are promising approaches in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). Gut dysbiosis and the diet containing gluten are potential factors may be factors that negatively affect the communication between intestinal and brain. Gluten has a high immunogenic potential and affinity for the intestinal mucosa layer. In patients with an ...
The Epidemiology, Management, and the Associated Burden of Mental Health, Atopic and Autoimmune Conditions in Alopecia Areata
This study series consists of three related studies and aims to explore and describe many important elements of Alopecia areata over three key areas: (i) the current epidemiology of Alopecia areata, (ii) the prevalence and incidence of psychiatric co-morbidities in people with Alopecia areata and (iii) the prevalence and incidence of autoimmune and atopic conditions in people with Alopecia areata.
Urinary Gluten Immunogenic Peptides Detection in Non-celiac Gluten/Wheat Sensitivity
Non-celiac gluten/wheat sensitivity (NCGS/NCWS) is a syndrome characterized by both intestinal (irritable bowel syndrome [IBS]-like presentation) and extraintestinal symptoms (headache, migraine, "foggy mind", depression, anxiety, fibromyalgia, joint and muscle pain, leg or arm numbness, eczema or skin rash), which occur after the ingestion of gluten/wheat in subjects in which celiac disease (CD) and wheat allergy diagnosis has been previously excluded. NCGS/NCWS symptoms generally occur after the ingestion of gluten/wheat, disappear within a few days of a gluten-free diet (GFD) and quickly reappear when gluten/wheat is reintroduced. A new...
Using Virtual Reality for Patients With Gastrointestinal Disease
The primary aim of this study is to evaluate the effect and impact of a technology which creates a virtual reality (VR), personalized representation of a patient's endoscopic findings in comparison our standard practice (SP). Our study will compare the level of knowledge, understanding and satisfaction the patient and family have between those receiving SP and those receiving both SP and VR.
Virtual Reality to Teach, Improve Outcomes, and Engage (VIRTUE): Virtual Reality to Improve Gluten-Free Diet Knowledge in Pediatric Celiac Disease, A Randomized Clinical Trial
1. Specific Aim (1) is to assess both the immediate and longer term impact of VIRTUE on the patient's GFD knowledge compared to standard of care (SOC) dietary education. 2. Specific Aim (2) is to determine the impact of VIRTUE on patient QoL, symptomatology, and Celiac biomarkers (tissue transglutaminase antibodies, deamidated gliadin peptide IgA, deamidated gliadin peptide IgG, and total serum IgA).
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