Upfront EUS CGN/CPN vs Conventional Step up Approach for Inoperable Painful Pancreatic Cancer
Patients with unresectable pancreatic cancer are often demoralized by intractable, persistent and incapacitating pain. It must be managed aggressively and strong opioids are recommended as the mainstay of treatment. However, patients develop opioid-related adverse effects. EUS-guided celiac plexus neurolysis (CPN) and celiac ganglion neurolysis (CGN) has been shown to provide high efficacy for pain control. The optimal timing, however, is in debate.
Urinary Gluten Immunogenic Peptides Detection in Non-celiac Gluten/Wheat Sensitivity
Non-celiac gluten/wheat sensitivity (NCGS/NCWS) is a syndrome characterized by both intestinal (irritable bowel syndrome [IBS]-like presentation) and extraintestinal symptoms (headache, migraine, "foggy mind", depression, anxiety, fibromyalgia, joint and muscle pain, leg or arm numbness, eczema or skin rash), which occur after the ingestion of gluten/wheat in subjects in which celiac disease (CD) and wheat allergy diagnosis has been previously excluded. NCGS/NCWS symptoms generally occur after the ingestion of gluten/wheat, disappear within a few days of a gluten-free diet (GFD) and quickly reappear when gluten/wheat is reintroduced....
Wheat Bread Study: Comparison of the Tolerance of Different Wheat Breads
This study aims to assess the differences in tolerability of differently manufactured wheat breads in a target group of individuals with suspected wheat sensitivity. Additionally, it will be verified, if the absence of a response to oral exposure to defined bread types is associated with an absence of mucosal changes following CLE-assisted mucosal provocation with bread.
Wheat-free Diet in the Treatment of Sjogren's Syndrome
Recent data show that some foods can increase intestinal mucosa permeability and immune activation of subjects with gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms. Wheat seems the most frequent food which activates this inflammatory response and can cause both GI and extra-intestinal symptoms. Patients suffering from wheat-related troubles, in absence of celiac disease diagnosis, can suffer from non-celiac wheat sensitivity (NCWS) and our previous studies showed that about 25% of them are also affected by autoimmune diseases (AD). A gluten-free diet (GFD) can influence inflammatory pattern of AD, including Sjogren's syndrome (SS). Thus, the...
Zinc Deficiency Treatment in Celiac Disease: Supplementation Versus Diet
Micronutrient deficiencies are common amongst celiac disease (CeD) patients due to consumption of a restrictive and nutritionally unbalanced gluten-free diet (GFD) in addition to slow intestinal villi healing. Preliminary data of 221 patients attending our Celiac Disease Clinic at McMaster University show that 64% of patients on a GFD have nutrient deficiencies with zinc (Zn) deficiency affecting 48% of treated CeD patients. Dietary supplements are prescribed to treat Zn deficiency and it is unclear whether Zn levels can be restored with optimizing Zn in diet. This project will evaluate the the feasibility of dietary therapy to treat...
A Study of Efficacy, Safety, and Tolerability of KAN-101 in People With Celiac Disease
The study goal is to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of KAN-101 in participants with Celiac Disease (CeD)
Coeliac Artery Release or Sham Operation
In patients with Median Arcuate Ligament Syndrome (MALS), significant external compression of the coeliac artery (CA) by the median arcuate ligament (MAL) increasing mucosal ischemia (1,2) is assumed to cause chronic disabling postprandial abdominal pain, weight loss, and consequently lethargy and social deprivation (3,8). The majority of these patients have had a long medical journey before the diagnosis MALS is considered resulting in a substantial burden of disease and high healthcare and societal costs. Although a Systematic Review have shown a sustainable symptom relief of 68% and a significant and durable improvement of...
Effect of Acetaminophen Versus Ibuprofen in Treating Recurrent Apthous Ulcers in Pediatric Celiac Disease
Celiac disease (CD) is a chronic autoimmune enteropathy. It results from genetic predisposition and exposure to gluten-containing food. Individuals carrying human leucocytes antigen (HLA) markers DQ2 or DQ8 are genetically predisposed. Gluten is a protein found in wheat, rye, and barley; the main ingredients of bread, pasta, and pastries. Gluten works as a triggering factor for CD, but the interaction between genetic and environmental factors is still not fully understood. Celiac disease can alter the absorption of drugs. Due to its vast surface area compared with the stomach, most drug absorption occurs in the small intestine and...
Effect of Intravenous Iron Supplementation on Celiac Disease Remission (IRONCEL)
The study aims is to evaluate the efficacy of intravenous iron supplementation on celiac disease remission (total intestinal mucosal recovery). This randomized multicenter trial compare the administration of intravenous iron by infusion (Ferinject©: 15 mg/kg in NaCl solution in 30 min) and oral iron in combination; to patients receive only oral iron as standard care. The first benefit with IV Iron supplementation is to correct iron deficiency more rapidly than oral iron alone because of trouble of absorption in case of intestinal villous atrophy.
Endoscopic Ultrasound Guided Coeliac Plexus Neurolysis for Cancer Pain
Many cancer patients suffer from intractable pain and which is often suboptimally controlled by even strong opioid analgesics. Coeliac plexus neurolysis (CPN) is procedure which intended to permanently destroy the nociceptive pathway that transmits the pain caused by the tumour. It can be with different approaches, such as percutaneously guided by fluoroscopy, echo-endoscopically or surgically with endoscopic approach being the more popular one in many centers equipped with echo-endoscopic services. The effect of CPN has been well established by some retrospective series. The overall response rate to CPN ranges from 70-90%, however, ...
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