Wheat-free Diet in the Treatment of Sjogren's Syndrome
Recent data show that some foods can increase intestinal mucosa permeability and immune activation of subjects with gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms. Wheat seems the most frequent food which activates this inflammatory response and can cause both GI and extra-intestinal symptoms. Patients suffering from wheat-related troubles, in absence of celiac disease diagnosis, can suffer from non-celiac wheat sensitivity (NCWS) and our previous studies showed that about 25% of them are also affected by autoimmune diseases (AD). A gluten-free diet (GFD) can influence inflammatory pattern of AD, including Sjogren's syndrome (SS). Thus, the...
Zinc Deficiency Treatment in Celiac Disease: Supplementation Versus Diet
Micronutrient deficiencies are common amongst celiac disease (CeD) patients due to consumption of a restrictive and nutritionally unbalanced gluten-free diet (GFD) in addition to slow intestinal villi healing. Preliminary data of 221 patients attending our Celiac Disease Clinic at McMaster University show that 64% of patients on a GFD have nutrient deficiencies with zinc (Zn) deficiency affecting 48% of treated CeD patients. Dietary supplements are prescribed to treat Zn deficiency and it is unclear whether Zn levels can be restored with optimizing Zn in diet. This project will evaluate the the feasibility of dietary therapy to treat...
Coeliac Artery Release or Sham Operation
In patients with Median Arcuate Ligament Syndrome (MALS), significant external compression of the coeliac artery (CA) by the median arcuate ligament (MAL) increasing mucosal ischemia (1,2) is assumed to cause chronic disabling postprandial abdominal pain, weight loss, and consequently lethargy and social deprivation (3,8). The majority of these patients have had a long medical journey before the diagnosis MALS is considered resulting in a substantial burden of disease and high healthcare and societal costs. Although a Systematic Review have shown a sustainable symptom relief of 68% and a significant and durable improvement of...
Effect of Intravenous Iron Supplementation on Celiac Disease Remission (IRONCEL)
The study aims is to evaluate the efficacy of intravenous iron supplementation on celiac disease remission (total intestinal mucosal recovery). This randomized multicenter trial compare the administration of intravenous iron by infusion (Ferinject©: 15 mg/kg in NaCl solution in 30 min) and oral iron in combination; to patients receive only oral iron as standard care. The first benefit with IV Iron supplementation is to correct iron deficiency more rapidly than oral iron alone because of trouble of absorption in case of intestinal villous atrophy.
Endoscopic Ultrasound Guided Coeliac Plexus Neurolysis for Cancer Pain
Many cancer patients suffer from intractable pain and which is often suboptimally controlled by even strong opioid analgesics. Coeliac plexus neurolysis (CPN) is procedure which intended to permanently destroy the nociceptive pathway that transmits the pain caused by the tumour. It can be with different approaches, such as percutaneously guided by fluoroscopy, echo-endoscopically or surgically with endoscopic approach being the more popular one in many centers equipped with echo-endoscopic services. The effect of CPN has been well established by some retrospective series. The overall response rate to CPN ranges from 70-90%, however, ...
ICT Tools for the Diagnosis of Autoimmune Diseases
The ITAMA project, which ended in 03/2022, came from the need to increase/anticipate the number of diagnosed cases of celiac disease (CD). The project involved the preliminary development of 'software tools' (Graphical User Interface (GUI), DATABASE, Decision Support System (DSS)) used to support the physicians to optimize CD diagnosis. Subsequently, through a screening of about 20,000 subjects of school age in Malta and about 1,000 subjects in Sicily, it was shown that, in compliance with international guidelines, it is possible to anticipate CD diagnosis and make it easy with the aid of a tool based on the search for specific...
Inflammatory Back Pain and Gluten Free Diet
Articular involvement is the most frequent extra-intestinal manifestation of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). IBD-related spondyloarthropathy is mainly characterised by axial involvement (including inflammatory back pain, isolated sacroiliitis and ankylosing spondylitis) but may also be associated with peripheral symptoms (i.e peripheral arthritis, dactylitis and enthesopathy, such as Achilles tendinitis, plantar fasciitis, and chest wall pain). In particular, inflammatory back pain (IBP) is characterised by an insidious onset, improves after exercise but not with rest, and is associated with morning stiffness. Up to now, several...
Prevalence of Renal Disease in Children With Celiac Disease
To assess the prevalence of renal disease in a pediatric population of patients with celiac disease by looking for the presence of hematuria and/or proteinuria.
RCT: Effect of Late vs Early Introduction of Gluten-free Oats on Patients With Newly Diagnosed Celiac Disease.
The investigators are conducting a pilot study to investigate the impact of late compared to early introduction of gluten-free oats on gut symptoms, nutrition status, celiac activity and quality of life in patients with a recent diagnosis of celiac disease. Pilot study means that it will recruit a low number of participants to see if it is possible to perform the study, and to estimate how many participants will be needed for the large study. The study will collect information through questionnaires that assess gut symptoms, quality of life, mood changes and dietary patterns. Moreover, the study will collect data on tests done during ...
Survival Effect of Hepato-celiac Lymphadenectomy In Primary or Relapsed Ovarian Cancer
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and the effectiveness of hepato-celiac lymphadenectomy in the treatment of primarily diagnosed advanced epithelial ovarian cancer and platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer.
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