Prevention av Autoimmunitet Med Laktobaciller
The incidence of autoimmune diseases (celiac disease, type 1 diabetes, thyroid disease) have increased over the past 30 years. Although most autoimmune diseases have a strong link to different risk genes, the rapid increase is thought to be due to changes in environmental factors. There is currently no cure for autoimmune diseases, but the treatment is lifelong and either involves suppressing the inflammation and / or substituting the organs that are affected to maintain vital functions. Being able to predict who is affected and identifying factors that trigger autoimmunity is necessary for developing new treatment methods that prevent the...
Prevention of Celiac Disease in Skåne
This study aims to investigate the impact on being on a gluten free diet the first three years of life compared to a daily intake of a probiotic supplementation or placebo on the risk of developing celiac disease autoimmunity or celiac disease in genetically susceptible children. Study participants will be randomly allocated to one of the three study groups before the age of 4 months and will remain in that group with the corresponding intervention during the three first years of life. Regular visits to a study nurse and contact with study dietician will be scheduled. The dietician will support the families in keeping the correct...
Radiofrequency Splanchnic Denervation Versus Retrocrural Neurolytic Celiac Block for Pancreatic Cancer Pain
The investigators will evaluate the analgesic efficacy of radiofrequency splanchnic nerve denervation versus neurolytic retrocrural celiac denervation for patients with abdominal pain due to cancer pancreas
Response to Different Wheat Genotypes in Not-celiac Wheat Sensitivity
Non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) is a condition where intestinal and extraintestinal symptoms are triggered by gluten ingestion in the absence of celiac disease and wheat allergy. Despite the great interest in NCGS, much remains unknown about the pathogenesis. Some studies seem to suggest that wheat components other than gluten (i.e. amylase/trypsine inhibitors, ATIs) can cause the symptoms, and therefore the term "non-celiac wheat sensitivity" (NCWS) has been proposed instead of NCGS. It is believed that this condition is worldwide increasing, due to the evolution of wheat breeding (i.e. consumption of wheats with high gluten content),...
Safety and Efficacy of Fecal Microbiota Transplantation
The gut microbiota is critical to health and functions with a level of complexity comparable to that of an organ system. Dysbiosis, or alterations of this gut microbiota ecology, have been implicated in a number of disease states. Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT), defined as infusion of feces from healthy donors to affected subjects, is a method to restore a balanced gut microbiota and has attracted great interest in recent years due to its efficacy and ease of use. FMT is now recommended as the most effective therapy for CDI not responding to standard therapies. Recent studies have suggested that dysbiosis is associated with a...
Serological Identification of Celiac Disease in Kids
The investigators aim to examine the feasibility of incorporating serological celiac disease (CD) screening into general pediatric outpatient clinics in Sweden and through structured monitoring examine the effects of diagnosing and treating screening-detected CD. Screening will be tailored to general pediatric outpatient clinics in the Gothenburg metropolitan area with the goal to screen 1000 children over four months. Screening for CD will be carried out by measuring tissue transglutaminase autoantibodies (TGA) in blood. Children who are persistently TGA positive will be enrolled into a 6-12-month follow-up protocol responsible for...
Serum Bovine Immunoglobulin (SBI) in Children With Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
This is a randomized, double-blind placebo controlled study to assess for safety, tolerability and nutritional impact of oral serum bovine immunoglobulin (SBI) on pediatric patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) as assessed by an increase in serum albumin and other nutritional markers including vitamin D level, pre-albumin, transferrin and iron saturation; and improvement in weight and body mass index. SBI is an animal derived protein isolate from the serum of cows containing >50% IgG. It has been used for patients suffering from irritable bowel syndrome, human immunodeficiency virus enteropathy and antibiotic-associated diarrhea...
Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection (SCAD) and Autoimmunity
This case control study aims to determine whether spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is associated with autoimmune diseases and to update the incidence of SCAD in a population-based cohort.
Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Larazotide Acetate for the Relief of CeD Symptoms
To assess the efficacy and safety of larazotide acetate versus placebo for the relief of persistent symptoms in adult celiac disease patients.
Temporary Celiac Ganglion Block as a Test Before Celiac Ganglion Resection for Dysautonomia-Related Bowel Dysmotility
Dysautonomia is malfunction of the autonomic nervous system. It usually results from overactivity of the sympathetic portion and over-secretion of acetylcholine. Symptoms depend on the organ involved by this sympathetic overstimulation. Involvement of the gastrointestinal system results in chronic dysmotility, nausea, vomiting, food intolerance, weight loss and need for feeding tube placement and/or parenteral feeding. Autonomic celiac ganglia resection has been shown to alleviate symptoms as it interrupts the sympathetic stimulation to the gastrointestinal (GI) system, however there is no pre surgery test to confirm the diagnosis. The...
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