Prevention av Autoimmunitet Med Laktobaciller
The incidence of autoimmune diseases (celiac disease, type 1 diabetes, thyroid disease) have increased over the past 30 years. Although most autoimmune diseases have a strong link to different risk genes, the rapid increase is thought to be due to changes in environmental factors. There is currently no cure for autoimmune diseases, but the treatment is lifelong and either involves suppressing the inflammation and / or substituting the organs that are affected to maintain vital functions. Being able to predict who is affected and identifying factors that trigger autoimmunity is necessary for developing new treatment methods that ...
Prevention of Celiac Disease in Skåne
This study aims to investigate the impact on being on a gluten free diet the first three years of life compared to a daily intake of a probiotic supplementation or placebo on the risk of developing celiac disease autoimmunity or celiac disease in genetically susceptible children. Study participants will be randomly allocated to one of the three study groups before the age of 4 months and will remain in that group with the corresponding intervention during the three first years of life. Regular visits to a study nurse and contact with study dietician will be scheduled. The dietician will support the families in keeping the...
Prospective, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Crossover Study in Symptomatic CD Patients
This is a phase 2b, multicenter, prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study in symptomatic celiac disease patients attempting a GFD for at least one year prior to screening.
PRV-015 in Gluten-free Diet Non-responsive Celiac Disease
This study will evaluate the efficacy and safety of PRV-015 in adult patients with non-responsive celiac disease (NRCD) who are on a gluten-free diet (GFD).
Radiofrequency Splanchnic Denervation Versus Retrocrural Neurolytic Celiac Block for Pancreatic Cancer Pain
The investigators will evaluate the analgesic efficacy of radiofrequency splanchnic nerve denervation versus neurolytic retrocrural celiac denervation for patients with abdominal pain due to cancer pancreas
Response to Different Wheat Genotypes in Not-celiac Wheat Sensitivity
Non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) is a condition where intestinal and extraintestinal symptoms are triggered by gluten ingestion in the absence of celiac disease and wheat allergy. Despite the great interest in NCGS, much remains unknown about the pathogenesis. Some studies seem to suggest that wheat components other than gluten (i.e. amylase/trypsine inhibitors, ATIs) can cause the symptoms, and therefore the term "non-celiac wheat sensitivity" (NCWS) has been proposed instead of NCGS. It is believed that this condition is worldwide increasing, due to the evolution of wheat breeding (i.e. consumption of wheats with high gluten...
Safety and Efficacy of Fecal Microbiota Transplantation
The gut microbiota is critical to health and functions with a level of complexity comparable to that of an organ system. Dysbiosis, or alterations of this gut microbiota ecology, have been implicated in a number of disease states. Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT), defined as infusion of feces from healthy donors to affected subjects, is a method to restore a balanced gut microbiota and has attracted great interest in recent years due to its efficacy and ease of use. FMT is now recommended as the most effective therapy for CDI not responding to standard therapies. Recent studies have suggested that dysbiosis is associated with...
Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Larazotide Acetate for the Relief of CeD Symptoms
To assess the efficacy and safety of larazotide acetate versus placebo for the relief of persistent symptoms in adult celiac disease patients.
T Cell Receptor (TCR) Sequencing and Transcriptional Profiling in Adult Celiac Disease Patients Undergoing Gluten Challenge
The primary objectives are: - Characterize the T cell receptor (TCR) repertoire in duodenal biopsy samples of participants pre- and post-challenge. - Compare for each patient the TCR repertoire of duodenal biopsy samples with the peripheral blood TCR repertoire of each study participant - Characterize the transcriptome of duodenal biopsy samples and blood from study participants pre- and post-challenge The secondary objectives are: - Ex vivo identification and validation of DQ-restricted gliadin specific TCRs. - Characterize the gluten-challenge induced changes in small...
Temporary Celiac Ganglion Block as a Test Before Celiac Ganglion Resection for Dysautonomia-Related Bowel Dysmotility
Dysautonomia is malfunction of the autonomic nervous system. It usually results from overactivity of the sympathetic portion and over-secretion of acetylcholine. Symptoms depend on the organ involved by this sympathetic overstimulation. Involvement of the gastrointestinal system results in chronic dysmotility, nausea, vomiting, food intolerance, weight loss and need for feeding tube placement and/or parenteral feeding. Autonomic celiac ganglia resection has been shown to alleviate symptoms as it interrupts the sympathetic stimulation to the gastrointestinal (GI) system, however there is no pre surgery test to confirm the diagnosis....
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