Bio-markers of Not-celiac Wheat Sensitivity
The aim of the investigators' study is to evaluate biochemical, immunological and histological characteristics of patients affected with the so-called "gluten (or wheat) sensitivity" who suffers from irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)-like symptoms. As it is not known what component of the cereals causes the symptoms in so called "gluten-sensitive" patients, the investigators prefer to speak of "not-celiac wheat sensitivity" (NCWS). NCWS patients may be defined as ones, neither celiac or allergic to wheat, who develop symptoms following wheat consumption, that improved on wheat/gluten free diet (GFD). For our research, we will...
Bovine Colostrum to Prevent Absorption of Gluten
To investigate the use of hyperimmune bovine colostrum to reduce gluten absorption. A double-blind, cross-over study will be performed in which persons who are following a strict gluten-free diet will be challenged with oral gluten with or without the bovine colostrum.
Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Coeliac Disease: a Series of Studies
This investigation examines the most important cardiovascular risk factors (e.g., metabolic parameters, body composition) and their changes in coeliac disease. The series of studies allow to assess body composition and cardiovascular risk-related metabolic parameters of newly diagnosed and treated coeliac patients in their complexity and to test if they change during therapy. The interventional part of the investigation aims to answer the question if a dietary intervention mitigates the unfavorable effects of unbalanced diet.
Celiac Disease Database
The focus of this study is to create a database containing information about patients with celiac disease. This database will allow us to examine clinical and epidemiologic features of the University of Chicago Medical Center patient population. We have the largest population of patients with celiac disease in the mid-West and as such this study using information gathered from our database can greatly contribute to our current understanding of this disease.
Celiac Disease Genomic Environmental Microbiome and Metabolomic Study
Celiac disease (CD) is a complex disease caused by eating gluten, a protein contained in wheat, rye, and barley. It is well known that many factors contribute to the development of CD, including the genes that you have and the foods that you eat. In the CDGEMM study, we will consider as many of these factors as possible and study how they each contribute to disease development. If the investigators find that any one factor, or combination of factors, increases the risk of developing CD, we will be able to apply this information and help prevent or detect disease in high-risk children in the future.
Coeliac Disease in the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT)
In this study, all citizen of Nord-Trøndelag County, Norway, above 18 years of age are invited to participate in a population-based health study, the HUNT study. Blood samples are drawn from the participants and assessed for celiac disease by a serological assay. Celiac disease is a chronic inflammatory disease of the small intestine due to dietary gluten in wheat, barley and rye. The diagnosis will be verified through endoscopic assessment and biopsies from the small intestinal mucosa. The aims of the study are 1) to establish the population-based prevalence of celiac disease; 2) to assess the consequences of the disease from...
Coeliac Plexus Neurolysis Versus Splanchnic Nerve Neurolysis
Pain is prevalent among patients with gastrointestinal cancers. Standard procedures such as coeliac plexus neurolysis (CPN) is effective in reducing pain, opioid requirement and related side effects for pancreatic cancer cases. Meanwhile, splanchnic nerve neurolysis (SNN) as an alternative to CPN is more effective for cancer pain relief. Although previous studies investigating the role of CPN/SNN mainly focus on pancreatic cancer cases, their efficacy on non-pancreatic abdominal cancer pain may not be accurately determined.
Confirmatory Efficacy Trial of a Gluten-Free Diet in a Subgroup of Persons With Schizophrenia Who Have High Levels of IgG Anti-Gliadin Antibodies (AGA IG)
This study purpose is to conduct a confirmatory double-blind randomized controlled trial in an inpatient setting of the effects of a tightly controlled gluten-free diet (GFD) to improve negative symptoms in people with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder who have antibodies to gliadin (AGA IgG). As part of the project investigators will also confirm outcomes such as cognitive symptoms, changes in peripheral and central inflammation as well as gut/blood brain barrier permeability.
Development of New Diagnostic Tools in Capsule Endoscopy
Patients participating to this study will provide images and videos of capsule endoscopy to train, tune and evaluate technological bricks of artificial intelligence solutions, in order to improve diagnostic performances of the procedure, while reducing reading time by physicians.
Dietary Approach to Mild-to-moderate Psoriasis
Psoriasis is a systemic chronic inflammatory immune-mediated disease whose etiopathogenetic mechanisms involve genetic predisposition, and immunological and environmental factors. Its prevalence is about 3% in adults, and it is characterized by well-demarcated, erythematous plaques, covered by silvery-white scales, in elbows, knees, trunk, and scalp. However, psoriasis is far from being considered just a dermatologic condition because the cytokine's cascade, which lays behind its inflammatory and immune-mediated pathogenesis, can determine multiple systemic manifestations. In addition, several patients with psoriasis often complains...
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