Bio-markers of Not-celiac Wheat Sensitivity
The aim of the investigators' study is to evaluate biochemical, immunological and histological characteristics of patients affected with the so-called "gluten (or wheat) sensitivity" who suffers from irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)-like symptoms. As it is not known what component of the cereals causes the symptoms in so called "gluten-sensitive" patients, the investigators prefer to speak of "not-celiac wheat sensitivity" (NCWS). NCWS patients may be defined as ones, neither celiac or allergic to wheat, who develop symptoms following wheat consumption, that improved on wheat/gluten free diet (GFD). For our research, we will...
Bovine Colostrum to Prevent Absorption of Gluten
We propose to investigate the use of hyperimmune bovine colostrum to reduce gluten absorption. A double-blind, cross-over study will be performed in which persons who are following a strict gluten-free diet will be challenged with oral gluten with or without the bovine colostrum.
Carbohydrate Counting and DASH Intervention Among Children With Diabetes and Celiac Disease.
Study is an interventional clinical trial. children (aged 6-18 years) diagnosed with type 1 diabetes and celiac disease will be recruited conveniently from Endocrinology pediatric clinic at Prince Hamzah Hospital. Amman, Jordan. A sample of 45 diagnosed children, who will meet the inclusion criteria and will be agreed to participate will be centrally randomized to follow carbohydrate counting with GFD dietary intervention, carbohydrate counting with GFD and DASH dietary intervention, and control dietary intervention.
Celiac Disease and Vitamin Status: Evaluation of the Effect of Supplementation With a Probiotic (VIVOMIXX®) in a Cohoort of Celiac Patients
Celiac disease is a disorder caused by a disregulation of the immune system which leads to immune response to gluten. Diet therapy is the gold standard of treatment, and the only effective one. Macronutrients and micronutrients deficiency (vitamin D, folic acid, vitamin B12, vitamin B6, iron and zinc), which is in any case far more common in patients who don't follow gluten free diet, can persist in a subset of patients who follow gluten-free diet. Supplementation of vitamins in these patients may have a beneficial role. A recent study in a murine model showed that supplementation with probiotic VIVOMIXX® leads to an increase in ...
Celiac Disease Database
The focus of this study is to create a database containing information about patients with celiac disease. This database will allow us to examine clinical and epidemiologic features of the University of Chicago Medical Center patient population. We have the largest population of patients with celiac disease in the mid-West and as such this study using information gathered from our database can greatly contribute to our current understanding of this disease.
Celiac Disease Genomic Environmental Microbiome and Metabolomic Study
Celiac disease (CD) is a complex disease caused by eating gluten, a protein contained in wheat, rye, and barley. It is well known that many factors contribute to the development of CD, including the genes that you have and the foods that you eat. In the CDGEMM study, we will consider as many of these factors as possible and study how they each contribute to disease development. If the investigators find that any one factor, or combination of factors, increases the risk of developing CD, we will be able to apply this information and help prevent or detect disease in high-risk children in the future.
Celiac Disease: Nutrition Education in Primary School
Celiac disease is a chronic immune-based intestinal pathology. Its prevalence is 1% and its incidence has increased in recent years. This disease usually causes gastrointestinal and/or extraintestinal symptoms, which can only be reduced by following a strict, lifelong gluten-free diet. In addition, the social life of people with celiac disease is impaired due to the impact of the gluten-free diet on daily activities. An adequate Nutrition Education program can improve the physical and social health of these people. Moreover, considering the high impact this disease has on the people close to the celiac patient, and due to the...
Coeliac Disease in Spain: Determination of Disease Prevalence and Risk Factors
Previous studies have showed that Coeliac Disease (CD) prevalence is significantly higher in children compared with adults. The largest epidemiologic study carried out in Spain to date (n=4230) reported a higher CD prevalence in children (1:71) than in adults (1:357) during 2004-2007. To study whether this difference was due to environmental factors influencing infancy or the development of gluten tolerance with age, a natural history study in pediatric age was initiated in 2013. Unexpectedly, the prevalence in children of 1-2 years of age was lower (1:135) than the previously reported in 2004-2007 for that age group (1:25). During ...
Coeliac Disease in the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT)
In this study, all citizen of Nord-Trøndelag County, Norway, above 18 years of age are invited to participate in a population-based health study, the HUNT study. Blood samples are drawn from the participants and assessed for celiac disease by a serological assay. Celiac disease is a chronic inflammatory disease of the small intestine due to dietary gluten in wheat, barley and rye. The diagnosis will be verified through endoscopic assessment and biopsies from the small intestinal mucosa. The aims of the study are 1) to establish the population-based prevalence of celiac disease; 2) to assess the consequences of the disease from...
Confirmatory Efficacy Trial of a Gluten-Free Diet in a Subgroup of Persons With Schizophrenia Who Have High Levels of IgG Anti-Gliadin Antibodies (AGA IG)
This study purpose is to conduct a confirmatory double-blind randomized controlled trial in an inpatient setting of the effects of a tightly controlled gluten-free diet (GFD) to improve negative symptoms in people with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder who have antibodies to gliadin (AGA IgG). As part of the project investigators will also confirm outcomes such as cognitive symptoms, changes in peripheral and central inflammation as well as gut/blood brain barrier permeability.
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